Keys to Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland

by P. R Sharpe

Publisher: Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries in Brisbane

Written in English
Published: Pages: 47 Downloads: 89
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  • Angiosperms,
  • Cyperaceae -- Queensland,
  • Restionaceae,
  • Juncaceae,
  • Botany -- Queensland

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 2

StatementP.R. Sharpe
SeriesQueensland botany bulletin -- no. 5
ContributionsQueensland. Dept. of Primary Industries
The Physical Object
Pagination47 p., 26 p. of plates :
Number of Pages47
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15379804M
ISBN 100724222677

The species are often grass-like herbs with herbaceous culms, linear leaves, and usually many-flowered inflorescences of small, glumaceous flowers, similar to those found in Poaceae and Cyperaceae. However, Juncaceae emerges with Cyperaceae in the same clade which was previously called Cyperales (Bouchenak-Khelladi et al. ). A list of all accepted names in Juncaceae is available in CSV format. Statistics. Species of Juncaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 7 plant genera. The Plant List includes 1, scientific plant names of species rank for the family Juncaceae. Of these are accepted species names. The book of grasses; an illustrated guide to the common grasses, and the most common of the rushes and sedges determinatietabellen Flora fodder grasses Gramineae Grasses identificatie Identification Juncaceae keys Phytogeography Planten Plantengeografie Plantkunde Plants Poaceae United States USA voedergrassen vs Cyperaceae Restionaceae. The Juncaceae, the rush family, is a family of rather small plants that often look like a type of often grow on wet, infertile soils. There are about species organised into eight genera. Juncus is the most well-known and largest genus in the Juncaceae family.. They are part of the monocot flowering plant families, which means that their seeds only have one leaf to start off new.

Knowledge of Restionaceae seedlings has recently been increased by Carlquist (), Thus, we have to assume a shared ancestor of Juncaceae and Cyperaceae with a compact cotyledon. A similar problem occurs in Restionaceae. Keys for the identification of seedlings of some prominent woody species in eight forest types in Puerto Rico. Ornamental grasses are grasses grown as ornamental plants. Many ornamental grasses are true grasses (Poaceae), however several other families of grass-like plants are typically marketed as ornamental grasses. These include the sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), restios (Restionaceae), and cat-tails (Typhaceae). All are monocotyledons, typically with narrow leaves and parallel veins. family, focused on the Brazilian flora, is provided and reinforces the importance of new studies in key-groups looking beyond the understanding of their diversity on the continent but also the conservation of the species. Key words: Bromeliaceae, Cyperaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Juncaceae, Mayacaceae, Rapateaceae, Thurniaceae, Typhaceae, Xyridaceae. Acorales (=Acoraceae) (Nartheciidae) Alismatales (incl. Araceae) (Petrosaviidae) Petrosaviales (=Petrosaviaceae) Dioscoreales Pandanales Liliales Asparagales Commelinidae Dasypogonaceae Arecales (=Arecaceae) Poales Commelinales Zingiberales Los analises moleculares demostraron que Acoraceae (Bogner y Mayu en Kubitzki , Bogner y Nicolson , Grayum , ) ye .

Cyperaceae. 莎草科 suo cao ke Authors: Lun-Kai Dai, Prof. Song-Yun Liang, Shuren Zhang, Yancheng Tang, Tetsuo Koyama, Gordon C. Tucker, David A. Simpson, Henry J. Noltie, Mark T. Strong, Jeremy J. Bruhl, Karen L. Wilson & A. Muthama Muasya Herbs, annual or perennial, rhizomatous to stoloniferous. Culms (stems) simple, often 3-sided. Leaves basal and/or cauline, often 3-ranked. A key to Western Australian species in the Chamelaucieae tribe of Myrtaceae by Barbara L. Rye, Matthew D. Barrett, Terry D. Macfarlane, Nicholas S. Lander, Malcolm E. Trudgen, Neville G. Marchant and Kevin R. Thiele. Software: Open DELTA / CSIRO DELTA Restionaceae. A key to the Western. Family Profile Juncaceae Family Description. A family of nine genera and about species, cosmopolitan; two genera occur naturally in Australia. Genera. Juncus - A genus of ca. species, cosmopolitan; ca. 68 species occur naturally in Australia.. References. Johnson, L.A.S. (). New Species of Juncus in Australia and New Zealand. Similarities in structural organization of the culm in Poaceae, Juncaceae, and Cyperaceae such as leaf sheaths and the presence of intercalary meristems at every node suggest the same mechanical properties and, accordingly, the same functionality. Meristems are zones of tissue formation, which constitute areas of weakness along the entire culm and provide the basis for rapid shoot elongation.

Keys to Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland by P. R Sharpe Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book contains comprehensive keys to the genera and species of the Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland.

Line drawings are used to illustrate the diagnostic features of most of the species included in the distribution of each species is given in accordance with Queensland Pastoral Districts, other Australian States and New Guinea.

This book contains comprehensive keys to the genera and species of the Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland.

Line drawings are used to illustrate the diagnostic features of most of the species included in the keys. Sedge: Herbaceous, usually perennial erect plant generally with a tufted habit and of the families Cyperaceae and Restionaceae. Rush: Herbaceous, usually perennial erect plant. Rushes are grouped into families Juncaceae, Typhaceae, Restionaceae and the genera Lomandra and Dianella.

There is controversy at higher levels too, so that sometimes Cyperaceae are included in the order Poales and sometimes in their own order Cyperales. For southern African families, the only close relationships that have been demonstrated reasonably well are those between Cyperaceae and Juncaceae (rushes), and Poaceae and Restionaceae (Cape reeds).

According to METCALFE () Cyperaceae are anatomically more similar to Juncaceae than to any other plant group. Juncaceae do not possess silica bodies, but this is also true for several genera of Cyperaceae.

It may be noted in passing that most of the Cyperaceae lacking silica are amongst the genera belonging to the tribe Hypolytreae. Sharpe PR () ‘Keys to Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland.’ (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane) Stuessy TF () ‘Plant taxonomy: the systematic evaluation of comparative data.’ (Columbia University Press: New York).

Sharpe PR () ‘Keys to Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland, Queensland Botany Bulletin No. 5.’ (Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane) Smith AC () ‘Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji, Vol.

2.’ (National Tropical Botanical Garden: Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii). Graminoids (Families Poaceae, Juncaceae and Cyperaceae) Keys to Cyperaceae of the most challenging things you will do at DWP is key-out graminoids (grass and grass-like plants).

There are three families that you will need to be able to distinguish in order to indentify graminoids; the grasses (Poaceae), the sedges (Cyperaceae), and the rushes (Juncaceae).

Stephens, K.M. and Dowling, R.M. () Wetland Plants of Queensland – A field Guide, CSIRO Publishing. Sun J1, Su Y, Wang T. () Expression, Purification and Identification of CtCVNH, a. Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series Scheltema, M., Pate, J.S. Occurrence of vesicular mycorrhizal fungi in dryland species of Restionaceae and Cyperaceae from SW Western Australia.

J.V., Van der Schijff, H.P. External morphology of the genera Hypodiscus Nees and Willdenowia Thunb. and key to. But, the frequency is higher (Table 1) than in the Gramineae and Cyperaceae and lower than in the Zingiberaceae, Bromeliaceae and Restionaceae where the flavonols are the dominant compounds.

However, the high fre- FLAVONOIDS IN COMMELINACEAE AND RELATED FAMILIES quency of C-glycoflavones in the Commelinaceae (Table 1) show that they are similar. Unlike Poaceae, Centrolepidaceae and Cyperaceae, and like Juncaceae, the flowers have petals and sepals (although these are small and dry).

A couple of species of Cyperaceae can be confusied with Restionaceae. In Juncaceae and Thurniaceae, the sister groups of the Cyperaceae (Muasya et al. (Muasya et al.,the four meiotic products become viable, fertile pollen grains, which are dispersed as.

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week (Grasses, sedges and rushes): April 1 to 7, Coordinator Dr. Manoj Chandran: After discussions it has been decided to include Cyperaceae and Juncaceae also in Poaceae Week, since these three families are closely related and often confused especially by those not well versed with botany.

Cyperaceae – Sedge Family To the untrained eye, Sedges may appear to be grasses, but these graminoids are their own distinctive family, playing an important role in wetland ceae is a large family, with genera and about species with worldwide distribution.

Three genera occur in Willamette Valley Wetlands – Carex (true sedges), Eleocharis (spike rushes), and Scirpus. Members of the subfamily breed only upon monocotyledonous plants. They have been reported from Grammeae, Cyperaceae, Restionaceae, Zingiberaceae, Juncaceae Sparganiaceae, Typhaceae, and Haemodoraceae.

Cyperaceae, sedge family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, a division of the order Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants found especially in wet regions throughout the world. Distribution and abundance.

The Cyperaceae, among the 10 largest families of flowering plants, contain about 5, species and, depending on the classification used, between 70 and genera.

Prominent plant families include Cyperaceae, Restionaceae, Juncaceae, Poaceae, Typhaceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Polygonaceae, Juncaginaceae, Marsileaceae, Lemnaceae Queensland border, south to the central Victorian highlands and throughout much of Key values Landscape function and ecosystem services in maintaining.

Cyperaceae - Cyperaceae - Characteristic morphological features: Although the Cyperaceae are similar in appearance to grasses (family Poaceae) and placed in the same order, there is a growing body of evidence that suggests that the closest relatives of Cyperaceae are the rushes (family Juncaceae).

Rushes share with sedges a number of specialized anatomic and developmental features. Deil, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Convergence and Niche Equivalent Taxa.

The niche of dwarf ephemeroid annuals is occupied by Juncaceae in the Holarctic kingdom, by Orcuttieae in California, Centrolepidaceae in Australia, Restionaceae in the Capensis, Eriocaulaceae in Australia and East Asia, and by Cyperaceae, Crassulaceae. Although I am very happy with it, there are two issues that other people might find unfortunate.

One is that the book is restricted in its coverage to dicots and petaloid monocots; in other words, it doesn't include grasses (Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, Restionaceae).

The second is that the plants are ordered alphabetically by family. Dichotomous Key; Cyperaceae Cyperaceae See list of 17 genera in this family See list of 3 genera in 1a CHOOSE THIS LEAD 1a. Perianth at maturity composed of elongate capillary bristles that greatly exceed the subtending floral scales, creating a.

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week (Grasses, sedges and rushes): April 1 to 7, Coordinator Dr. Manoj Chandran Showing of 5 messages. Cyperaceae and Restionaceae. Mires usually have a conspicuous sclerophyll shrub component that distinguishes them from other communities within MVG Common genera of sedges (Cyperaceae) and cord rushes (Restionaceae) include Chorizandra, Gahnia, Gymnoschoenus, Lepidosperma, Schoenus, Baloskion, Empodisma, Lepyrodia and, Leptocarpus.

Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa An anatomical survey of anthers of the Poaceae and Cyperaceae and two related families, the Restionaceae and Flagel- lariaceae, was conducted to determine the taxonomic distribution and possible phylogenetic significance of.

Acacias in Queensland by L. Pedley (), pp., illustrated, card cover. Keys to Cyperaceae, Restionaceae and Juncaceae of Queensland.

Botany Bulletin No. 5 by P.R. Sharpe (), 47pp., illustrated, card cover. Flora of South-eastern Queensland by T.D.

Stanley and E.M. Ross. Volume 1 (), pp., illustrated, hard cover. Rushes and Sedges - Restionaceae: Restionaceae Diagrams & Photos: Rushes and Sedges: Ros Cornish: 5 January View: Rushes and Sedges - Restionaceae: Restionaceae Descriptions: Rushes and Sedges: Ros Cornish: 5 January View: Rushes and Sedges - Restionaceae: Key to Restionaceae Species - Flora Online: Rushes and Sedges.

from coastal areas of south-east Queensland. Brief descriptions of C. blakei and keys to the Queensland and New South Wales species of Caustis have since been presented by Sharpe (), Beadle (), Stanley and Ross (1 ) and Wilson ().

Materials and methods Vegetative morphology of C. blakei was studied. Family Profile Cyperaceae Family Description. A family of about genera and species, cosmopolitan but tending to be more common in temperate regions; 47 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera. Arthrostylis - A monotypic genus, confined to northern Australia. Bulbostylis - A widespread genus of about species; about 7 species occur naturally in Australia.

Commelinidae Cyperaceae, Juncaceae; Orion M. • 30 cards. 5 characteristics of monocots - 1 cotyledon in embryo - single furrow or pore on pollen - flower parts in threes - major parallel leaf veins - vascular bundles in stems scattered.

What is the cotyledon. The first seed leaves on a plant. Juncaceae, also called the rush family, in the order of Poales, is a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, consisting of 8 genera and about known species, widely distributed in both hemispheres, mostly in temperate regions.In some situations wet heaths may grade into true sedgelands dominated by rushes (Juncaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae) and node-sedges (Restionaceae).

Typically heath plants have small, evergreen leaves with a waxy cuticle that display adaptations to combat moisture stress and/or low oxygen soil conditions, as well as extensive root systems, often.The first two features are found in at least some Juncaceae and are unique to the two families.

Juncaceae also have pollen in tetrads, but in that family all four microspores produce pollen grains. Some species in some genera of Cyperaceae (particularly Eleocharis) possess chromosomes with localized centromeres (S.

S. Bir et al. ).